Gastrodia elata forma viridis

Family Orchidaceae
Subamily Epidendroideae
Tribe Gastrodieae
Subtribe Gastrodiinae
Scientific name Gastrodia elata Blume forma viridis (Makino) Makino ex Tuyama
Synonyms Gastrodia elata Blume var. viridis (Makino) Makino
Common name (Japanese common name) ao-tenma (アオテンマ, 青天麻 [meaning: green tanma (tenma = Japanese pronunciation of a traditional Chinese medicine)]), ao-oni-no-yagara (アオオニノヤガラ, 青鬼矢柄 [meaning: green oni-no-yagara (oni-no-yagara = Gastrodia elata)])
(English common name) none
Distribution (Japan) Hokkaido, Honshu, Sikoku, Kyushu, Okinawa
(Other nations) Korea, China, Taiwan
Habitat Mountane forest, streamside.
Chromosomal number 2n=16, 18
Description Plants electing 40-100cm tall. Leaves none. flowers pale green 7-8mm long, flowering in June to July. Terrestrial. Mycorrhizae plants
Reference  Gastrodia elata Blume
Gastrodia elata Blume
Gastrodia elata modulated activator protein 1 via c-Jun N-terminal kinase signaling pathway in kainic acid-induced epilepsy in rats
Research Update:Gastrodia Tuber,Rhizoma Gastrodiae.
Process for producing interferon inducers (US Patent 4469685/1984)
Skin whitening composition containing bearberry extract and a reducing agent (US Patent 5980904/1999)
Essential oil composition (US Patent 6280751/2001)
Turmeric-containing cooking oils and fats (US Patent 6497908/2002)
Compositon containing medicinal herbs and young antlers of cornu cervi (US Patent 6444236/2002)
Method for inhibiting 15-lipoxygenase with fermented Glycine max (L.) extract (US Patent 6685973/2004)
Method for slowing the decomposition of a cosmetic composition (US Patent 6759033/2004)
Method of using fermented glycine max (L) extract for enhancing natural killer cell activity (US Patent 6733801/2004)
Crude drug compositions for treating or preventing arthritic diseases and the preparation process (US Patent 7074435/2006)
Herbal composition for the prevention and treatment of dementia (US Patent 7083811/2006)
Oral delivery of a botanical (US Patent 7037524/2006)
Composition comprising wenguanguo extracts, methods for preparing same and uses thereof (US Patent 7189420/2007)
Expression vectors comprising nucleic acids encoding SEBF proteins and uses thereof (US Patent 7244875/2007)
Therapeutic Gastrodia extracts (US Patent 7351434/2008)
Composition comprising Xanthoceras sorbifolia extracts, compounds isolated from same, methods for preparing same and uses thereof (US Patent 7524824/2009)
Note Rare species

July 2005
at high marsh
July 2005
at high marsh
July 2005
at high marsh

July 2005
at mountaneous forest
July 2005
at mountaneous forest